There are lots of types of diseases that we can’t prepare for, but we can help stop the spread of communicable diseases.
A “communicable disease” is a disease that spreads from one person to another. This could be through contact with blood and bodily fluids, contaminated surfaces, breathing in an airborne virus, or being bitten by an insect.
Communicable diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi and are often called “infectious” or “transmissible” diseases.
There are several things you can do to help prevent the spread of communicable diseases, especially during cold and flu season:
Learn how diseases spread to help protect yourself and others.
Avoid close contact with those who are sick. If you are sick limit your contact with others.
Cover coughs and sneezes.
Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially before handling food.
Use hand sanitizer.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
Clean and surfaces that get a lot of use, especially doorknobs and food areas.